Electromagnetic Fields Are Transduced Like Other Stimuli

Presented at the XXXIII International Congress of Physiological Sciences, July 4, 1997, St. Petersburg, Russia.


I describe the now-emerging broad picture regarding the biological effects of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and the two kinds of issues raised by the relevant research. My idea is that EMFs are transduced in a manner similar to the way all other somatic factors are transduced, and I think that the post-transduction physiological changes observed in our laboratory support this view. EMF bioeffects studies require a new statistical approach and a more honestly explicit form of scientific reasoning. Specifically, physiological methodology (cause-and-effect studies evaluated at P < 0.05) rather than physical reasoning (deductive inferences from a mathematical equation) is the experimental approach most likely to lead to progress.

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